Often, leaders and organizations make flawed decisions because they do NOT make key assumptions explicit and then scrutinize those assumptions carefully. Here are seven questions that I proposed in my last book for helping leaders evaluate the validity of key assumptions being made by decision-makers:
1. What are the facts in this situation?
2. What issues remain ambiguous or uncertain?
3. What explicit and implicit assumptions have we made?
4. Have we confused facts with assumptions?
5. How would an outsider with an unbiased perspective evaluate each of our assumptions?
6. How would our conclusions change if each of our key assumptions proves incorrect?
7. Can we collect data, conduct a simple experiment, or perform certain analysis to validate or disprove crucial assumptions?